By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra info for Coming In From The Cold: Improving District Heating Policy In Transition Economies
Stimulating Economic Development In balancing policy priorities, opportunities for economic development are often a key factor in the political triage that policy makers undertake. At its core, the goal of economic development means improving the welfare of citizens. This can often be achieved through economic growth and job creation. This section discusses several ways in which district heating reforms can have a positive influence on economic development. District heating has compelling economic development benefits in that greater efficiency results in a higher gross domestic product (GDP).
Economies of scale and the efficiency of cogeneration play a key role in creating these benefits. 7. Map 3 shows the district heating system in the larger Copenhagen area. 2 District Heating’s Share of the Residential Heating Market Note: Not all countries collect compatible and regular data on their district heating markets. For the most part, data are shown for 2001, but for some countries only earlier data were available. Sources: Euroheat and Power (2003 and 2001); Gochenour (2001). 3 describes how cogeneration can significantly improve energy efficiency and thus reduce emissions.
In housing policy, for instance, the interaction of policies on home ownership and district heating can have a profound influence on energy efficiency. The structure of the housing market affects how much influence consumers have with the monopoly district heating suppliers. (In some countries, like Sweden, landlords have significant market power, in others, housing or condominium associations can act as an effective lever on heat markets). In addition, development policies can shape housing density and the cost-effectiveness of district heating.
Coming In From The Cold: Improving District Heating Policy In Transition Economies by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development