By Suryadi Ismadji, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo, Aning Ayucitra
A accomplished evaluation of environmental remediation is gifted with an emphasis at the position of clay minerals in water purification. within the first bankruptcy, vital points of environmental difficulties and attainable recommendations are mentioned. within the moment bankruptcy, the appliance of common clay minerals as environmental cleansing brokers are defined. The dialogue is targeted at the position of alternative varieties of clay fabrics in unsafe substance elimination from air, aqueous strategies, wastewater, aquaculture, floor water, and so on. within the subsequent bankruptcy, the amendment of clay fabrics is explored together with the coaching of clay composite fabrics for environmental remediation. numerous features of clay fabric changes and the results of clay floor chemistry at the removing of detrimental fabric can be mentioned. subsequent, the equilibrium and kinetics of dangerous substance adsorption is gifted. This bankruptcy summarizes contemporary reviews at the removing of damaging ingredients from aqueous recommendations and the surroundings utilizing numerous sorts of clay minerals. The short additionally comprises a number of versions utilized in adsorption reports and touches at the characterization of clay minerals.
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Additional resources for Clay Materials for Environmental Remediation
2008). The influence of acid, base and salt modifications of clay in its rates of naphthalene adsorption was examined by Owabor et al. (2012). The chemical modifiers used in their study include hydrochloric acid (HCl), citric acid (C6H8O7), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH), sodium chloride (NaCl) and zinc chloride (ZnCl2). Sodium hydroxide modified clay showed relatively good adsorption performance on the removal of naphthalene from the bulk solution, while ammonium hydroxide modified clay showed a slow rate of adsorption of naphthalene from the bulk solution (Owabor et al.
While other biocidal products include antifouling products, etc. Because biocides are intended to kill living organisms, the massive uses of biocidal products pose significant risk to human health and welfare, and also cause significant adverse effects on the natural environment. The disposal of waste and direct discharge of wastewater containing biocides cause serious and potentially long-lasting damage to the environment. The treatment of biocides compounds in wastewater treatment plants usually are conducted using a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes.
Performance of activated carbon and bentonite for adsorption of amoxicillin from wastewater: mechanisms, isotherms and kinetics. Water Res. : Adsorption of brilliant green dye from aqueous solution onto red clay. Chem. Eng. J. : Geosorption of As(III) from aqueous solution by red clays: kinetic studies. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. : Ammoniacal nitrogen removal from water by treatment with clays and zeolites. Water Res. : Formation of chloroform and chlorinated organics by free-chlorine-mediated oxidation of triclosan.
Clay Materials for Environmental Remediation by Suryadi Ismadji, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo, Aning Ayucitra