By Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann
"Civil Society" has been a world catchphrase because the finish of the chilly battle, and is a sizzling subject between teachers and politicians. figuring out the evolution of this idea within the eighteenth and 19th centuries is essential to its research, no matter if within the context of historical past, sociology, politics, or diplomacy. This concise and incisive advent to the transnational background of civil society is vital analyzing for college students and students alike.
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Additional resources for Civil Society: 1750-1914 (Studies in European History)
16]. In a society that was differentiating itself socially, the secret societies’ exclusivity and intimacy aroused particular fascination. These societies served as sacred spaces for moralistic cults of brotherhood in a disillusioned world ruled by capital, the market, achievement, and competition. The liberalization occurring in the increasingly national continental European states (or nationally divided, as in the case of Austria-Hungary) was also related to the unprecedented growth in associations.
This belief often had Christian undertones. Tocqueville and many of his contemporaries believed that associative sociability derived its deeper meaning from the Christian ethic of brotherly love. Only those who learned to govern themselves, their thoughts, and their feelings in associations were capable of governing others. The purpose of the associations, similar to that of the lodges, was to pursue individual virtue as well as the common good, which were united in the harmonious image of a ‘klassenlose Bürgergesellschaft’ (classless civil society), so typical of the liberalism of the time .
Nevertheless, the ideas and social practices of civil society were not bound solely to the rising 36 Intimacy and Exclusion ‘bourgeoisie’ as a social class. Several popular as well as aristocratic sociable traditions continued into the early nineteenth century and merged with the associational ideal. Only by abandoning social history’s assumption that there is a close connection between the emergence of the bourgeoisie as a class and liberalism as its emancipatory ideology can one understand the popularity of liberal ideas and practices within educated and elite circles in societies that lacked a strong ‘bourgeoisie’.
Civil Society: 1750-1914 (Studies in European History) by Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann