By Takahiko Kato, Carol A. Handwerker, Jasbir Bath
Discusses the expansion mechanisms of tin whiskers and the powerful mitigation suggestions essential to lessen whisker progress risks
This booklet covers key tin whisker subject matters, starting from basic technological know-how to useful mitigation suggestions. The textual content starts off with a overview of the attribute homes of neighborhood microstructures round whisker and hillock grains to spot why those specific grains and destinations develop into predisposed to forming whiskers and hillocks. The booklet discusses the elemental houses of tin-based alloy finishes and the results of assorted alloying components on whisker formation, with a spotlight on capability mechanisms for whisker suppression or enhancement for every point. Tin whisker hazard mitigation options for every tier of the provision chain for prime reliability digital structures also are described.
- Discusses whisker formation elements together with floor grain geometry, crystallographic orientation-dependent floor grain boundary constitution, and the localization of elastic strain/strain power density distribution
- Examines how whiskers and hillocks evolve in time via real-time reviews of whisker progress with the scanning electron microscope/focused ion beaming milling (SEM/FIB)
- Covers characterization tools of tin and tin-based alloy finishes equivalent to transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD)
- Reviews theories of mechanically-induced tin whiskers with case stories utilizing natural tin and different lead-free finishes proven to guage the pressure-induced tin whiskers
Mitigating Tin Whisker hazards: concept and perform is meant for the wider digital packaging and production group together with: production engineers, packaging improvement engineers, in addition to engineers and researchers in excessive reliability industries.
By Lester Schmerr, Jung-Sin Song
Ultrasonic Nondestructive assessment structures: types and Measurements presents the newest details and strategies to be had for ultrasonic nondestructive assessment (NDE) inspections. utilizing a platforms point method, this e-book employs features of Fourier research, linear process thought, and wave propagation and scattering idea to advance a entire version of a whole ultrasonic size procedure. The booklet additionally describes intimately the measurements had to receive the entire method version parameters. This built-in process ends up in a brand new model-based engineering know-how for designing, utilizing and optimizing ultrasonic nondestructive evaluate inspections. practising engineers, academics, and scholars alike will find out about the newest advancements in NDE expertise, together with a lately built pulse-echo strategy for measuring the sensitivity of an ultrasonic transducer, and using Gaussian beam thought in simulating the wave fields generated by way of ultrasonic transducers. moreover, this certain e-book contains MATLAB examples and routines which permit readers to behavior simulated inspections and enforce the newest modeling know-how. Written by way of famous specialists in NDE examine, Ultrasonic Nondestructive overview structures: versions and Measurements is designed to mix well-developed options with the newest advances in know-how.
By Tao Jiang,Jiann-Yang Hwang,Mark E. Schlesinger, et al.John Wiley & Sons, Inc.|Wiley||Wiley-TMSAdult NonfictionScience, TechnologyLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 07.02.2014Street date: 10.01.2014Preview
By N. Saunders
This monograph acts as a benchmark to present achievements within the box of computing device Coupling of part Diagrams and Thermochemistry, known as CALPHAD that's an acronym for desktop CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It additionally acts as a consultant to either the elemental heritage of the topic region and the innovative of the subject, combining entire discussions of the underlying actual rules of the CALPHAD procedure with targeted descriptions in their software to genuine advanced multi-component materials.
Approaches which mix either thermodynamic and kinetic versions to interpret non-equilibrium section adjustments also are reviewed.
By Abbas Hamrang
This quantity highlights the newest advancements and tendencies in complicated non-classical fabrics and buildings. It provides the advancements of complicated fabrics and respective instruments to signify and expect the cloth houses and behaviour. it's also unique, theoretical, and demanding experimental effects that use non-routine methodologies frequently surprising to the standard readers. The chapters on novel functions of extra generic experimental ideas and analyses of composite difficulties underline the necessity for brand new experimental methods.
By Strang, A. and Institute of Materials and Proceedings of the session on high temperature power plant and process plant applications from the Institute of Materials materials congress. Frontiers in materials science and technology
Those lawsuits comprise the papers masking fabrics for prime temperature strength plant and approach plant functions awarded at fabrics Congress ninety eight Frontiers in fabric technological know-how and expertise. the chosen papers are principally within the type of serious experiences protecting the advance of fabrics for either present and destiny purposes.
By Alina Adriana Minea
Advances in business warmth Transfer offers the fundamental rules of business warmth move enhancement. Serving as a reference and advisor for destiny learn, this ebook offers an entire method, from remodeling apparatus to using nanofluids in industry.
Based at the most modern equipment of the test and their interpretation, this booklet offers a unified perception of the economic warmth move strategy and tactics in an effort to aid lessen worldwide power intake. Containing either theoretical and useful effects, the ebook makes use of textual content, photos, graphs, and definitions to demonstrate issues and spotlight concepts.
By Warren S. Peterson, Ronald E. Miller
A wealthy selection of insightful papers and pictures accumulated from the world's best aluminum businesses spotlight the $64000 advancements within the method metallurgy of aluminum from 1886-1986, together with the electrolytic approach to making aluminum, emission and waste regulate measures in plant operations, manufacture of carbon electrodes, tools of processing bauxite and alumina, know-how for melting and casting approach ingots, and techniques for reclamation and recycling. Following the expansion of the aluminum from little one to large, this e-book good points perception into the lives of Charles corridor and Paul HTroult, who devised a mode of aluminum construction that might revolutionize the undefined, in addition to descriptions of advancements in know-how, apparatus, and perform within the quite a few components of aluminum strategy metallurgy.
By Yevgeny A. Gayev, Julian C.R. Hunt
The monograph is the 1st ebook that stories numerous difficulties in several fluid mechanics disciplines that resulted in the concept that of cover, or penetrable roughness. regardless of their range, many flows can be theoretically united by way of introducing disbursed sinks and/or resources of momentum and warmth and mass. Terrestrial crops, traditionally the 1st instance of canopies, creates particular positive aspects of turbulence. Aquatic canopies express various behaviour reckoning on the intensity of submergence, geometrical kinds of the hindrances and the styles in their relative destinations. those and different flows in engineering and environmental occasions over surfaces with many hindrances are reviewed by way of basic options of fluid mechanics. they've been topic to exam by means of field-scale and laboratory experiments, and feature been modelled and simulated utilizing a number of computational concepts. detailed areas of the flows are pointed out. software of the circulate modelling can be appropriate to predicting the dispersion of pollution in those advanced flows, rather for releases in road canyons and fireplace propagation. Written by means of world-recognized specialists, the publication is of curiosity to researchers and scholars commonly fluid mechanics and environmental physics, in hydraulics and meteorology, in addition to in setting safety.
By Y. Naka, K. Sugawara, C. McGreavy
Built-in circuits are discovering ever wider functions via a number of industries. advent to VLSI approach Engineering provides the layout ideas for units, describes the general VLSI method, and bargains with the basic production applied sciences and inspection methods.