By Michael B. Cosmopoulos
For a couple of thousand years, humans from each nook of the Greco-Roman global sought the desire for a blessed afterlife via initiation into the Mysteries of Demeter and Kore at Eleusis. In antiquity itself and in our reminiscence of antiquity, the Eleusinian Mysteries stand out because the oldest and so much venerable secret cult. regardless of the great acclaim for the Eleusinian Mysteries, their origins are unknown. simply because they're misplaced in an period with out written documents, they could purely be reconstructed with assistance from archaeology. This publication presents a much-needed synthesis of the archaeology of Eleusis in the course of the Bronze Age and reconstructs the formation and early improvement of the Eleusinian Mysteries. The dialogue of the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries is complemented with discussions of the theology of Demeter and an replace at the kingdom of study within the archaeology of Eleusis from the Bronze Age to the tip of antiquity
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Extra info for Bronze Age Eleusis and the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries
Before the end come all terrible things, terror and trembling and sweat and awe. But after this, a marvelous light appears, and pure spaces and meadows receive [the initiate], with voices and chants and the solemnity of sacred sounds and holy spectacles. 92 The reenactment would have taken place THE THEOLOGY OF DEMETER AT ELEUSIS outdoors, behind the closed gates and tall walls of the sanctuary, which secured its privacy. During this reenactment the initiates would visit the different locations within the sanctuary where the myth unfolded.
23 the eleusinian limestone The Eleusinian limestone was formed during the Mesozoic, under the shallow waters containing organic carbon and fragments of now extinct marine organisms, such as rudists (bivalve mollusks from the Jurassic and Cretaceous), echinodermata, and other protozoans. It is a low-porosity biomicritic limestone, which ranges in color from black to bluish to dark grey, and includes organic carbon as well as fragments of the extinct marine organisms just mentioned. The Eleusinian limestone is used for the first time, as far as we can tell, in the Mycenaean period: the antae of Megaron B, the steps of the platform, and parts of the peribolos of Megaron B are built with this stone.
Tradition holds that at some point in its history Eleusis was forcefully annexed by Athens, but in the sources there is disagreement about the date of this annexation. 35 Eumolpos was joined by the seer Skiros, a son or grandson of Poseidon, who was killed fighting the Athenians and buried at the place of his death, named Skiron after him. 38 Whether and to what degree these legends reflect historical events is unclear. 40 The information about the war involving Ion is confusing and this war may very well have been a figment of Athenian literary tradition.
Bronze Age Eleusis and the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries by Michael B. Cosmopoulos