By Charles A. Amann (auth.), Robert L. Evans (eds.)
This e-book comprises the court cases of the overseas Symposium on replacement and complicated car Engines, held in Vancouver, B.C., on August eleven and 12, 1986. The symposium used to be backed via EXPO 86 and The college of British Columbia, and was once a part of the really good classes application of EXPO 86, the 1986 world's reasonable held in Vancouver. a few eighty attendees have been drawn from eleven nations, representing the educational, automobile purpose and big engine groups. the aim of the symposium was once to supply a severe evaluate of the foremost possible choices to the inner combustion engine. The scope of the symposium used to be constrained to attention of combustion engines, in order that electrical strength, for instance, was once no longer thought of. This was once now not a reflec tion at the attainable contribution which electrical propulsion may well make sooner or later, yet really an try and concentration the lawsuits extra sharply than if all attainable propulsion platforms were thought of. during this method all the participants have been capable of perform the occasionally energetic dialogue classes following the presentation of every paper.
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R. " SAE Transactions 87, 2706-2725 (1978). W. T. Tierney, E. Mitchell and M. " I. Mech. E. Paper C1/75, Conference on Power Plants and Future Fuels (1975). R. R. Toepel, J. E. Bennethum and R. E. 975 (1983). 35. 36. M. K. " Aerospace Report No. ATR-82(2869)-5ND (1982). R. R. " Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPL SP 43-17 (1975). A. ABSTRACT This paper presents an overview of stratified charge combustion engines and ties together recent advances with past achievements. A brief historical literature survey of the stratified charge engine concept is first presented.
An overall lean airjfuel ratio is generally developed contributing (in theory anyway) to lower carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions. For many years, the development of stratified charge engines followed a path of creativity and inventiveness. Empirical design formed the basis of the approach to engine development. Only recently, within the past fifteen years, have scientific tools (such as computational modeling and laser velocimetry) been fully appreciated and utilized to refine the more promising designs.
Conventional homogeneous charge gasoline engines will tend to autoignite or knock and, as discussed earlier, will not operate at low equivalence ratios. A hybrid combustion process incorporating characteristics of the Diesel and gasoline engine is needed. This is the unthrottled stratified charge engine. If the combusting gas can be successfully confined from the working gas by either physically or aerodynamically stratifying the overall charge, resulting engine operation is theoretically more efficient.
Automotive Engine Alternatives by Charles A. Amann (auth.), Robert L. Evans (eds.)