By Alison K. Hoagland
During the 19th century, the U.S. army outfitted quite a few forts around the kingdom because it stationed a growing number of troops west of the Mississippi. while most folks take into consideration army forts within the American West, they think enforcing strongholds, meccas of protection enclosed through excessive, palisaded partitions. This well known view, notwithstanding, is way from reality.
In Army structure within the West, Alison okay. Hoagland dispels the parable that each one western forts have been uniform buildings of army may well churned out in line with a grasp set of plans approved by way of military officers in Washington, D.C. as a substitute, via reading 3 exemplary Wyoming forts, Hoagland unearths that extensively various architectural designs have been used to build western forts.
With greater than a hundred and twenty illustrations, Army structure within the West deals a brand new method of utilizing structure to realize perception into the position of the military within the American West. through targeting the tangible is still of the army’s presence within the West, Hoagland offers a brand new imaginative and prescient of yankee army history.
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Additional info for Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912
At that moment, about thirty Indians swept into the fort and stole the horses off the parade ground. They were never caught. Similarly, wild animals could pass through the parade ground unimpeded. In a story titled “A Raid on Fort Laramie,” the newspaper reported how “a huge elk . . ran out of the underbrush in the Platte bottom and charged directly through the parade ground. ”33 AN OASIS IN THE DESERT ■ 37 Fig. 1-11. Fort Laramie, officers’ quarters, 1885. Although planned as a cohesive unit, Fort Laramie’s officers’ row had a mixture of buildings constructed over several decades, resulting in a noticeable lack of uniformity.
The planned buildings tended to reflect military precedents and eastern civilian norms, as can be seen in plans, materials, and ornament. But the realities of site and situation often rendered these ideal examples impractical. Initially, post commanders turned to local customs and materials as a means of dealing with a landscape of unfamiliar resources. The employment of adobe, whose use had migrated from the Southwest, and paneled log construction, coming from Canada, indicated expedient approaches, adoption of available materials that had been proven successful.
John Chivington’s massacre of Indian women and children at Sand Creek, Colorado, another effort was made to fortify Fort Laramie. Volunteer forces manning the post constructed three earthwork batteries on high land north of the fort (fig. 1-7). The next year, regular forces commanded by Maj. James Van Voast built a fortified adobe redoubt that doubled as a corral. Rather than an attempt to enclose the whole fort, this was a small defensive structure located northeast of the parade ground, along the river, designed to serve as a stronghold.
Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D. A. Russell, 1849-1912 by Alison K. Hoagland