By David Scott, Pieter Meyers
Archaeometry is the appliance of medical tools and analyses to the research of tradition in its archaeological context. Garnered from a convention known as to review the fabric tradition from North and South the USA, the book's twenty essays on a vast variety of topics characterize the whole scope of research during this box. They contain papers via Ron L. Bishop at the compositional research of pre-Columbian pottery from the Maya quarter, Heather Lechtman at the fabrics technological know-how of fabric tradition from the Andes, and J. Michael Elam and others on resource identity and hydration relationship of obsidian artifacts.
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Extra resources for Archaeometry of Pre-Columbian Sites and Artifacts (Getty Trust Publications: Getty Conservation Institute)
Another impetus for a compositionally based, regionwide characterization of Maya polychrome paste variation was the conjecture of Michael Coe's 1 973 publica tion of The Maya Scribe and His World. In this ground-breaking book, he suggested FIGURE I5. Late Classic Maya that the elaborately painted ceramic vessels, such as the one shown in Figure 1 6, were polychrome cylinder. Non created to be buried with deceased elite and that scenes painted on the vessels related provenienced. to activities that took place in Xibalba, the Maya underworld, as described in a six- P R E - C O L U M B I A N POTTERY FIGURE 16.
In this figure, axes derived by linear dis criminant analysis are used to illustrate major compositional differentiation among selected Palenque ceramic compositional groups and a group from the western sites of El Retiro, Miraflores, and Las Colmenas that has a "sierras composition. " The Palenque units shown in the plot are made up almost exclusively of red-brown basin-bowls, figurines, cache vessels, and incense burner stands. Palenque composi tional unit 1 is closely related, albeit separable from the other Palenque specimens.
In the core area, painted decoration gave expression to strong ceramic tra ditions. Although forming the bulwark of Maya temporal and spatial systematics, the painted ceramics were long ignored for what they reveal about aspects of social and economic activity (Fig. 1 5). The usual fragmentary condition of the archaeolog ically recovered pottery makes it difficult to use for detailed stylistic analysis. , Adams 1 97 1 : 1 59, 1 61). Unfortunately, while generalized style-based groupings can be made, they are often of limited utility because of the uncertainty as to where the polychromes were manufactured.
Archaeometry of Pre-Columbian Sites and Artifacts (Getty Trust Publications: Getty Conservation Institute) by David Scott, Pieter Meyers