By Steven McMullen (auth.)
This booklet explores the commercial associations that be sure the character of animal lives as systematically exploited items traded in a industry economic climate. It examines human roles and selection within the procedure, together with the commercial common sense of agriculture, experimentation, and animal possession, and analyses the marginalization of moral motion within the monetary system.
Animals and the Economy demonstrates that particular shoppers and farmers are frequently left with few really animal-friendly offerings. moral contributors within the economic system needs to both face down an array of institutional boundaries, or go out mainstream markets solely. This publication argues that those concerns usually are not valuable parts of a industry procedure, and evaluates a few coverage adjustments that may enhance the lives of animals within the context of a industry economy.
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Extra resources for Animals and the Economy
If not, then the “logic of the larder” argument is easily dismissed. There are two broad reasons to think that life in human captivity is decisively worse for most animals. First, the knowledge we now have about animal welfare justifies a broad conception of animal flourishing. Animals have interests beyond the food and shelter that is commonly granted them in agricultural or experimental confinement. In fact, the natural inclinations and preferences usually include the sort of behaviors that would be normal if they were free-living animals in a natural habitat.
24 Animals and the Economy Because economics has developed as a discipline studying human commercial interactions, there has, traditionally, been little need for a consideration of animal interests. This has resulted in a methodological anthropocentrism—economists only consider the interests of humans when counting costs and benefits. There are good reasons for this: (1) humans, as political citizens, have an established ethical position in public policy decision-making, (2) human well-being and preferences are relatively well-understood, and (3) in most economic studies, humans are the only agents that are relevant.
Any occasion in which we measure the benefits of agricultural trade, pharmaceutical patents, or land development without counting the cost to animals, we ignore a whole category of ethically relevant data. The ubiquity of just these types of omissions in academic and policy work is one of the reasons that animal interests are so rarely counted in actual policymaking, even among populations of people who profess to love animals. In order to correct this problem, however, it is not enough to condemn anthropocentrism.
Animals and the Economy by Steven McMullen (auth.)