By Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen
This quantity demanding situations the orthodox view that fishing and fish performed just a marginal position within the financial system of the traditional international. in reality, there's archaeological facts for old fish processing on a advertisement scale not just within the Mediterranean itself, but in addition at the Atlantic coast and within the Black Sea area, specifically the Crimea. Our literary assets testify to the common culinary and medicinal use of salted fish and fermented fish sauces in antiquity, and particularly within the first centuries advert. during this e-book, the authors investigate the current country of analysis on historical fishing and talk about its implications for the heritage of the Black Sea zone, in particular the interval of Greek colonization alongside its shorelines. whereas grain has characteristically been considered because the major export commodity of the Pontic colonies, the lifestyles of salting-vats at the coast of the Crimea point out creation of salt-fish or fish sauce on a wide scale, possibly for export. despite the fact that, many questions stay unanswered: for example relating possession and association of the processing amenities, or how the completed product was once transported to far-off markets.
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Additional info for Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region (Black Sea Studies)
3. The fish-processing sites were distributed throughout the Roman provinces of the western Mediterranean. 1 Spain After the Second Punic War, and the fall of Numantia in 133 BC, the occupation and domination of the southern Iberian Peninsula by the Romans began The Archaeological Evidence for Fish Processing in the Mediterranean 51 Fig. 4. The fish-processing sites in Baetica and Tarraconensis. (For key to site numbers, see p. 18 Additionally, fish products from Spain, specifically garum, are also documented by contemporary literary sources such as Horace (Sat.
The unique mosaic floor installed in a secondary atrium of the house at Region VII. Ins. Occ. 61 This mosaic had the design of an urceus at each corner of the impluvium. On each mosaic urceus is a titulus identifying either garum or liquamen, products made and sold by Scaurus. Third, Scaurus’ urceus, carried by L. Marius Ponicus, was actually found not in Pompeii but at Fos-sur-mer at the mouth of the Rhône River in southern France. How it got there provides an important source for commerce in salted fish products.
The best-documented area remains that part of modern Spain and Portugal that in the Roman period went under the name Baetica, the region that formed the object of Ponsich and Tarradell’s 1965 book. 28 Many of these had received mention in literary sources, while many others were recognised from the characteristic physical evidence. 29 A waterproof coating (opus signinum) covered the interior walls and floor; the angles at the bottom were reinforced, and the floor also had a shallow cuvette to assist in cleaning.
Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region (Black Sea Studies) by Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen