By A. Bonnick, D. Newbold
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Extra info for A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maint.
Oil under pressure keeps the surfaces apart bolts, usually with a gasket between the block and the sump. It is commonly formed from sheet steel pressed to a shape that has one end slightly lower to form the oil reservoir. In the bottom of the sump is the drain plug. Baffle plates are fitted to prevent the oil from splashing around or surging when the vehicle is accelerating and braking or going round corners. If all the oil is allowed to move to the rear or to the side of the sump, the oil pick-up may become exposed causing air to be drawn into the lubrication.
39 Examples of dry sliding friction . Dry friction This is friction between two materials without any type of lubrication. It can generate a large amount of heat (Fig. 40). Fig. 40 Heat is generated by dry friction two materials where very little lubrication is present (Fig. 41). Fluid friction (hydrodynamic friction) A film of fluid prevents contact between two materials, for example between the rotating crankshaft journal and the bearing. A film of oil under pressure ensures that the two metal surfaces slide over one another.
When selecting oil for an engine it is important that the one chosen is suitable for the engine itself and the conditions under which it will be used. Two important factors determining the choice of oil are: . that the oil meets the quality requirements; . that the oil has the right ‘thickness’ or viscosity. The term viscosity refers to the relative thickness of a liquid. A thin free-flowing liquid has a low viscosity, and a thick, slow-flowing liquid 43 Fig. 44 Checking oil viscosity 44 A practical approach to motor vehicle engineering and maintenance Fig.
A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maint. by A. Bonnick, D. Newbold