By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of previous English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark e-book that during the intervening years has now not been handed in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous e-book of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English experiences and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of Old English undertaking at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative conception and comparable topics
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny study either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Old English
In the earliest Nbr texts 〈u〉 predominates over 〈o〉, but in the Merc glossaries both 〈u〉 and 〈o〉 can be found. In later texts 〈o〉 is increasingly predominant in the S, but 〈u〉 persists in Nbr especially. 1 In Kt and LWS /w/ and /o/ have certainly fallen together in a phoneme whose precise values cannot be determined, perhaps something like /Ñ/. 50–1. By the eleventh century the front and back vowels were becoming thoroughly confused, which suggests a reduction in the unstressed vowel system to simply /v/, and although this is not seen in the best LWS texts, the process of reduction may already have been at work in EWS, see Bately (1980: xliv).
Thirdly, it would appear that in S dialects of ME ea and ba develop similarly and in contrast to u and w. Fourthly, in MKt ba and bo sometimes develop as rising diphthongs, that is, as [jwp], [jop], and this points strongly to an original falling diphthong in each case, see Hallqvist (1948), Samuels (1952). ) gives considerable place-name evidence to show that such stress-shift phenomena are considerably more widespread yet. 24 Opponents of the traditional view all begin from the same assumption, namely that it is unlikely that OE had a four-way contrast between short and long vowels and short and long diphthongs.
Dæ8 ‘day’, grw8 ‘grey’. 3 In LWS and lNbr especially the compromise spellings 〈-bi8, -wi8〉 are found, but note CorpGl 2093 sei8n ‘sign’, 850 grbi8. 38 that the result of vocalization of i8 is c, not r. With Kt e for æ. With Angl b for w1. 72, and that it is always preceded by a long vowel or diphthong. Here too the early glossaries and Kt show 〈-u〉 spellings, for example, ErfGl 610 mbu for mww ‘gull’, CorpGl 2 stdu for stdw ‘place’. 41 From the above discussion it might seem possible to postulate an overall vowel and diphthong system for OE, but this would be to ignore many differences which occur both dialectally and diatopically.
A Grammar of Old English by Richard M. Hogg